Invited Reviews

Murine Denys-Drash syndrome: evidence of podocyte de-differentiation and systemic mediation of glomerulosclerosis

Hum. Mol. Genet. 12: 2379-2394 (2003)
 - PMID/doi: 12915483
Authors: Patek CE, Fleming S, Miles CG, Bellamy CO, Ladomery M, Spraggon L, Mullins J, Hastie ND, Hooper ML


Denys-Drash syndrome (DDS) is caused by dominant mutations of the Wilms’ tumour suppressor gene, WT1, and characterised by a nephropathy involving diffuse mesangial sclerosis, male pseudohermaphroditism and/or Wilms’ tumourigenesis. Previously, we reported that heterozygosity for the Wt1tmT396 mutation induces DDS in heterozygous and chimaeric (Wt1tmT396/+ « /) mice. In the present study the fate of Wt1 mutant cells in chimaeric kidneys was assessed by in situ marker analysis, and immunocytochemistry was used to re-examine the claim that glomerulosclerosis (GS) is caused by loss of WT1 and persistent Pax-2 expression by podocytes. Wt1 mutant cells colonised glomeruli efficiently, including podocytes, but some sclerotic glomeruli contained no detectable Wt1 mutant cells. The development of GS was preceded by widespread loss of ZO-1 signal in podocytes (even in kidneys where <5% of glomeruli contained Wt1 mutant podocytes), increased intra-renal renin expression, and de novo podocyte TGF-b1 expression, but not by podocyte Pax-2 expression or loss of WT1, synaptopodin, a-actinin-4 or nephrin expression. However, podocytes in partially sclerotic glomeruli that still expressed WT1 at high levels showed reduced vimentin expression, cell cycle re-entry, and re-expressed desmin, cytokeratin and Pax-2. The results suggest that (1) GS is not due to loss of WT1 expression by podocytes; (2) podocyte Pax-2 expression reflects re-expression rather than persistent expression, and is the consequence of GS; (3) GS is mediated systemically and the mechanism involves activation of the renin-angiotensin-system, and (4) podocytes undergo typical maturational changes but subsequently de-differentiate and revert to an immature phenotype during disease progression.

Keywords: WT1,Denys Drash Syndrome,Glomerulosclerosis,Podocytes